Pakistan

Sunday, March 30, 2014

Ban on cricket fans to fly Pakistani flags in Bangladesh

Authorities in Bangladesh were bamboozled by overwhelming support for Pakistani cricket team participating in T20 world Cup.

Recently, the ruling Awami League has cracked down on pro-Islamic parties including Jamaat-e-Islami and Bangladesh Nationalist Party. A leader of Jamaat-e-Islami was also executed by ruling party to show its hate for Jamaat.

However, nothing has changed the minds of anti-colonialist and pro-Islamic people in Bangladesh. They continued to support pro-Islamic parties. They also showed their love for people of Pakistan by supporting Pakistani cricket team.

As a result authorities imposed a ban on cricket fans to fly foreign flags in Bangladesh. This move was clearly designed to stop the support for Pakistan. It was widely condemned by sport lovers around the world. No matter what anti-Islam and anti-Pakistani forces try, Bangladeshi people will continue their support for Pakistan.

Friday, February 28, 2014

America’s Silk Road Conundrum

Americans invited a senior delegation of Taliban for talks in Texas to construct a gas pipeline from Turkmenistan across Afghanistan to Pakistan in December, 1997. Few years later the boat was rocked. The war on terror replaced commercial negotiations in the pursuit of profit from the rich energy reserves of the Caspian Sea.

Afghan President Hamid Karzai’s continuous refusal to sign the Bilateral Security Agreement (BSA) with USA has put another dent in America’s Silk Road strategy. Afghanistan suspended talks on the BSA last year after USA engaged in talks with Taliban. Silk Road strategy is a code name for the Great Game which was designed by colonial powers to rule and plunder the natural resources of Asia in the early 1800’s.

Pakistan is a major player in the Silk Road strategy. Pakistan which was already in the driving seat due to its strategic location has further strengthened its position. Pakistan is a major corridor for China, India, Central Asia, the Middle East and Europe. This corridor can benefit billions of people in these regions.

India relies on Pakistan to connect to Central Asia, the Middle East and Europe by road. Pakistan is also a major corridor for Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan. Emerging global power, China can cut almost ten thousand kilometres to connect with the Middle East through Pakistan.

Chinese Premier, Li Keqiang during his last visit to Pakistan said, “Both sides are of the view that by connecting China’s development and Pakistan’s development, we can create a joint economic corridor linking the central and western parts of China and Pakistan.” China is already operating Pakistan’s strategic port of Gwadar which is close to an important oil-shipping lane called Strait of Hormuz. Pakistani President Mamnoon Hussain and his Chinese counterpart Xi Jinping agreed to accelerate the construction of economic corridor during their recent meeting in Beijing.

Pakistan is consolidating its position while USA is struggling to hold together its allies. Taliban opened an office in Qatar's capital Doha and put a plaque with an inscription of the Islamic Emirate of Afghanistan and Taliban’s flag last year. This further infuriated Karzai who suspended talks over the BSA.

White House in a recent statement said, “President Obama told President Karzai that because he has demonstrated that it is unlikely that he will sign the BSA, the United States is moving forward with additional contingency planning.”

“Specifically, President Obama has asked the Pentagon to ensure that it has adequate plans in place to accomplish an orderly withdrawal by the end of the year should the United States not keep any troops in Afghanistan after 2014.”

Proposed American plan to pull its invading forces from Afghanistan is another setback in its pursuit of strategic goals of the Silk Road strategy. If it cannot persuade Karzai or his successor to sign the BSA then it will act as a final nail in America’s economic hegemony. Even if the BSA is signed, it will not achieve its’ goals. USA and its allies could not control Afghanistan with hundreds of thousands of their soldiers. How a few thousand American troops will play any role to achieve strategic goals of its Silk Road strategy?

Perhaps, Former US Secretary of State, Hillary Clinton was dreaming as a de-facto Indian Foreign Minister when she said, “let’s work together to create a new Silk Road … That means building more rail lines, highways, energy infrastructure, like the proposed pipeline to run from Turkmenistan, through Afghanistan, through Pakistan into India” in Chennai, India on 20 July 2011.

Hillary Clinton further said that she “was pleased to see Afghanistan and Pakistan commit to implement fully their transit trade agreement…we want to see trade begin to move across that border, and then we want to see that trade expanded into Central Asia and India – two-way trade, multiple paths for trade.” Strengthening India and containing China are important goals of the Silk Road strategy.

British historian and Writer, William Dalrymple with his pro-Indian and Western stance has covered the Afghan issue in depth for the Brookings Institution. He believes that after America starts to end the longest war in its history, “Some Indian hawks, in the army and the Ministry of External Affairs, argue that by taking on a more robust and possibly even a military role in Afghanistan, India could fill the security vacuum left by the U.S. withdrawal, advance its regional interests, compete with their Chinese rivals for influence in Afghanistan, and thwart their Pakistani enemies at the same time.”

This sounds like a nightmare for Indians. USA, Russia and Briton with all of their military and economic might have failed to subjugate Afghanistan. How a country like India whose majority of population lives in absolute poverty can even think of invading Afghanistan? Which route they will take? May be through Pakistan?

These so called “hawks” have forgotten that Pakistan is a nuclear power. It is armed with tactical weapons which will destroy Indian army even before it moves from garrisons. This shows the quality of Dalrymple’s approach. It is absolutely absurd even to entertain such idea.

Dalrymple further says that, “a former Indian consul general in Kandahar privately admitted to me that he had met with Baluchi leaders at his consulate … he hinted to me that RAW personnel were present among the staff at the Kandahar and Jalalabad consulates.” Pakistan got proves of Indian involvement in Baluchistan and it has already warned India to stop such activities. Pakistan will be free from Afghanistan and it will be able to concentrate on India.

It is better for India to cooperate with Pakistan to improve lives of impoverished Indian population by using Pakistan’s economic corridor. However, this corridor will remain shut for India until it resolves the outstanding issue of Kashmir. It is also important for India to stop exploitation of Muslims and other minorities in India and follow its so called “secular” constitution.

Dalrymple also says that, “In June, 2010, much to the alarm of India—and the U.S.—Karzai decided to attempt negotiations with the Taliban. In preparation for this, Karzai removed his strongly pro-Indian and deeply anti-Pakistani security chief, Amrulla Saleh”

President Barack Obama’s former AfPak adviser, Bruce Riedel said, “Karzai’s decision to sack Saleh has worried me more than any other development, because it means that Karzai is already planning for a post-American Afghanistan.”  It seems that Afghanistan, Pakistan and China are getting ready for post-American Afghanistan.

Pakistan is waiting it out until the enemy forces are exhausted. It has also shown strategic patience. However, India as usual is playing a game of catch-up like it did after the downfall of Russia. India was an important ally of Russia. Now it is trying to build strategic relationship with another dwindling superpower called USA. Somehow India always ends up with losers.

Former CIA station chief in Pakistan, Milton Bearden who supported Afghan resistance against Russians from 1986 to 1989 has covered the demise of great powers in his article “Afghanistan, Graveyard of Empires”. The title tells the story of invader’s demise starting from Alexander the Great.

Indian “hawks” read the history even before you think of Afghanistan. Your current and former masters, America and Russia are licking their wounds inflicted by Afghans. The future of the Silk Road strategy relies on the course Pakistan takes. Remember! Pakistan is in the driving seat.

Tuesday, January 28, 2014

China: The biggest trading nation of the world

China has emerged as the biggest trading nation of the world ahead of USA. After the World War II, USA emerged as the prominent trading nation. On the other hand UK’s demise started as a leading trading nation in 19th century.

China’s economic growth averaged 9.9 percent a year from 1978 to 2012. China is also the biggest energy user, holds the biggest foreign currency reserves and got the world’s biggest new car market.

Economist and chairman of Goldman Sachs’s asset management division, Jim O’Neill said, “For so many countries around the world, China is becoming rapidly the most important bilateral trade partner...at this kind of pace by the end of the decade many European countries will be doing more individual trade with China than with bilateral partners in Europe.”

Senior fellow at the Peterson Institute for International Economics, Nicholas Lardy said, “It is remarkable that an economy that is only a fraction of the size of the U.S. economy has a larger trading volume.”

No doubt, China has challenged the American hegemony in every field of life. This is good news for the rest of the world to encounter the neo-colonialist agenda of USA and the West.

Friday, December 27, 2013

American bullying encountered by India and China

America is used to bully countries around the world. However, Americans are encountered by a growing number of countries.

Indian diplomat, Devyani Khobragade was arrested in New York despite having full diplomatic immunity. Khobragade works as an adviser with the Indian permanent mission at the United Nations besides working as deputy consul-general in New York. India reacted furiously to stop bullying by America and downgraded US diplomatic privileges.

In another incident China’s warship “encountered” a US Navy vessel. US vessel “posed a threat to China's military security” and it was “tailing after and harassing” Liaoning, the Chinese aircraft carrier according to a Chinese newspaper Global Times.

Americans should stop bullying countries around the world. Otherwise, they will be kicked around by other countries in return like India and China did. Americans should realise that the days of imperialism and bullying are over.

Saturday, November 23, 2013

Islamophobia: Iran and the West

The Western hypocritical stance is evident on its insistence to stop Iran from acquiring nuclear technology for peaceful use. However, the West is saying nothing about its own stockpile of nuclear weapons.

The West has always shown xenophobic attitudes. It has killed Jews and other minorities in the West. Now, its new enemy is Islam. The main reason behind these Islamophobic and xenophobic policies is to maintain the Western economic hegemony.

However, the days of the Western hegemony are numbered. The suppressed nations around the world are rising to get rid of the West's brutal dominance.

Wednesday, October 30, 2013

Ditch US Dollar

Current US debt crisis have highlighted the need to ditch US dollar as a reserve currency.

 The Commission of Experts of the President of the General Assembly on reforms of the international monetary and financial system also recommended that “A new Global Reserve System — what may be viewed as a greatly expanded SDR, with regular or cyclically adjusted emissions calibrated to the size of reserve accumulations — could contribute to global stability, economic strength, and global equity.”

“Currently, poor countries are lending to the rich reserve countries at low interest rates. The dangers of a single - country reserve system have long been recognized, as the accumulation of debt undermines confidence and stability. But a two (or three) country reserve system, to which the world seems to be moving, may be equally unstable. The new Global Reserve System is feasible, non-inflationary, and could be easily implemented, including in ways which mitigate the difficulties caused by asymmetric adjustment between surplus and deficit countries.”

This is the right time to ditch US dollar and adopt the commission’s recommendations given in 2009.

Sunday, September 29, 2013

Deteriorating situation in Indian occupied Kashmir

Recent attack on security forces in Indian occupied Kashmir has highlighted the unresolved dispute between India and Pakistan. Overwhelming majority of Kashmiris wants freedom from Indian rule. India has killed tens of thousands civilians since the strengthening of freedom movement in 1989.

India is breaching the resolutions of United Nations upholding the right of self-determination by Kashmiris. India has refused to organize a plebiscite to determine the will of Kashmiris.

India as usual is blaming Pakistan for deteriorating situation in Kashmir. India should know that occupying a foreign land is an expensive business. Foreign occupations and wars have broken the back of USA. India should acknowledge its place and its limits. Occupying Kashmir will cost India a lot. India should spend money on its starving population instead of spending money on war in Kashmir.